Monday, August 24, 2020
Technique for Bilingual Education - Thesis Example Commitment - - - - - Unique - - - - - 2 Rundown OF TABLES - - - - - 3 Part 1. Presentation - - - - 4 Foundation of the Study - - - - 4 Explanation of the Problem - - - - 6 Centrality of the Study - - - - 6 Hypothetical Framework of the Study - - - 7 Theories - - - - - 7 Degree and Delimitation of the Study - - - 7 Meaning OF TERMS - - - - 7 2. Audit OF RELATED LITERATURE - - - 9 RELATED LITERATURE - - - 9 3. Procedure - - - - 11 The Research Method - - - - 11 Information Gathering Procedure - - - - 12 The Study Area - - - - 13 Measurable Treatment - - - - 13 Reference - - - - - 15 Section 1 Presentation Foundation of... mentalities in regards to the viability of bilingual programming explicitly while joining the studies of guardians, educators, and understudies themselves; t - test will be registered to decide the noteworthy contrasts of the understudy evaluations and scores on government sanctioned tests from understudies in the objective program and understudies with no bilingual projects; and Analysis of difference (ANOVA) will be utilized to build up whether there is no bilingual program model or models that are well on the way to advance the progress into English homerooms and understudy accomplishment. There is an interest for bilingual training programs for non-local English speakers' understudies' networks. Thusly, the structure enthusiasm for bilingual training program was in no way, shape or form, at that point, constrained to California, Texas, and Florida. Notwithstanding, it is presently spreading everywhere throughout the United States of America at a pace that amazements even the instructors who offer the types of assistance. Americans have created extraordinary enthusiasm for this endeavor on account of its scholarly and social qualities.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Voltage Definition in Physics Voltage is a portrayal of the electric potential vitality per unit charge. In the event that a unit of electrical charge were put in an area, the voltage shows the potential vitality of it by then. As it were, it is an estimation of the vitality contained inside an electric field, or an electric circuit, at a given point. It is equivalent to the work that would need to be done per unit charge against the electric field to move the charge starting with one point then onto the next. Voltage is a scalar amount; it doesn't have bearing. Ohms Law says voltage rises to current occasions opposition. Units of Voltage The SI unit of voltage is the volt, with the end goal that 1 volt 1 joule/coulomb. It is spoken to by V. The volt is named after Italian physicist Alessandro Volta who designed a substance battery. This implies one coulomb of charge will increase one joule of potential vitality when it is moved between two areas where the electric potential distinction is one volt. For a voltage of 12 between two areas, one coulomb of charge will increase 12 joules of potential vitality. A six-volt battery has a potential for one coulomb of charge to increase six joules of potential vitality between two areas. A nine-volt battery has a potential for one coulomb of charge to increase nine joules of potential vitality. How Voltage Works An increasingly solid case of voltage from genuine is a water tank with a hose stretching out from the base. Water in the tank speaks to put away charge. It takes work to fill the tank with water. This makes a store of water, as isolating charge does in a battery. The more water in the tank, the more weight there is and the water can exit through the hose with more vitality. On the off chance that there were less water in the tank, it would exit with less vitality. This weight potential is proportional to voltage. The more water in the tank, the more weight. The more charge put away in a battery, the more voltage. At the point when you open the hose, the ebb and flow of water at that point streams. The weight in the tank decides how quick it streams out of the hose. Electrical flow is estimated in Amperes or Amps. The more volts you have, the more amps for the ebb and flow, same as the more water pressure you have, the quicker the water will stream out of the tank. Notwithstanding, the current is likewise influenced by obstruction. On account of the hose, it is the way wide the hose is. A wide hose permits more water to sit back, while a tight hose opposes the water stream. With an electrical flow, there can likewise be opposition, estimated in ohms. Ohms Law says voltage rises to current occasions opposition. V I * R. On the off chance that you have a 12-volt battery however your opposition is two ohms, your present will be six amps. On the off chance that the opposition were one ohm, your current would be 12 amps.
Sunday, July 19, 2020
How Cognitive Reframing Is Used in Mental Health Psychotherapy Print Using Cognitive Reframing for Mental Health By Amy Morin, LCSW facebook twitter instagram Amy Morin, LCSW, is a psychotherapist, author of the bestselling book 13 Things Mentally Strong People Dont Do, and a highly sought-after speaker. Learn about our editorial policy Amy Morin, LCSW Updated on December 03, 2019 Tetra Images / Getty Images More in Psychotherapy Online Therapy Reframing is a technique used in therapy to help create a different way of looking at a situation, person, or relationship by changing its meaning.?? Also referred to as cognitive reframing, its a strategy therapists often used to help clients look at situations from a slightly different perspective. The essential idea behind reframing is that a persons point-of-view depends on the frame it is viewed in. When the frame is shifted, the meaning changes and thinking and behavior often change along with it. Another way to understand the concept of reframing is to imagine looking through the frame of a camera lens. The picture seen through the lens can be changed to a view that is closer or further away. By slightly changing what is seen in the camera, the picture is both viewed and experienced differently. Examples Reframing may be used with adults or teens to change the way they think, feel, and behave. Here are a few examples of how reframing may be used in therapy: In a family therapy session, Carla complains bitterly that her mother is overly involved in her life, constantly nagging her about what she should be doing. In attempting to shift Carlas negative view of her mother, the therapist offers this reframe: Isnt it loving of your mother to teach you ways to take care of yourself so youll be prepared to live on your own without her?A teen in individual therapy is struggling to accept the limitations of having a chronic illness. The therapist attempts to reframe how the teen views his illness by saying, Can you think of your illness as a built-in reminder to take care of your health throughout your life?A teen is upset she didnt make the basketball team. The therapist asks her what positive things could come from not making the team. The teen is able to say she will have more free time and with enough practice, she might be able to make the team next year.A boy says his mother has ruined his life by taking away his smartphone privileges becau se he was caught texting while driving. A therapist talks about the dangers of texting while driving and the reasons his parents may want to teach him not to do that. Eventually, he is able to see that his mothers actions werent meant to ruin his life, but instead, were meant to save his life. How to Help Your Teen Reframe the Situation While this technique is often used in therapy, its something that you can use with your teen at home as well. With practice, your teen will learn to remind himself that his initial conclusion is only one possible explanation. Teens often think their outlook is the only way to see a problem. If a friend didnt call back she must be mad. Or, if a teen fails a test it must mean hes stupid. Ask questions like, Is there another way to look at this situation? or, What are three other possible reasons this could have happened? Help your teen see that there are likely dozens of potential reasons a problem exists. For example, her friend might not be returning her text messages because shes busy or because she got her phone taken away. Pointing out alternatives to your teens insistence that her friend is angry can help her see things from another view. You might also help her reframe the situation by saying, Your friend may need to cool down before she talks to you because she likes you a lot and doesnt want to say something mean out of anger. Validate your teens feelings?? by saying, I know you are nervous that she hasnt called you back. I know when I feel nervous I always imagine the worst-case scenarios but often, those things I imagine arent even true. You also might help your teen stay mentally strong by asking, What would you say to a friend who had this problem? Your teen is likely to speak to others in a kinder and more compassionate way than she talks to herself. The goal should be to help your teen develop healthy self-talk.?? Eventually, shell learn how to coach herself as she begins to recognize there are many ways to view the same situation. 4 Steps to Shift Perspective and Change Everything
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Code Status___No Code__ Allergies__Penicillin____________ Temp (C/F Site) Pulse (Site) Respiration Pulse Ox (O2 Sat) Blood Pressure Pain Scale 1-10 98.3 F Orally 92 Radial 26 94% RA 168/98 9 History of Present Illness Including Admission Diagnosis Relevant Physical Assessment Findings (normal abnormal) Relevant Diagnostic Procedures/Results Surgeries (include dates. If not found, state so.) Admission Diagnosis: Patient N.L. was brought into the emergency room (ER) and was admitted to the medical-surgical unit on Tuesday at 1700 complaining of sudden onset of diffuse contraction-like peri-umbilical pain radiating all over her abdomen on and off for an hour after having lunch at home. Patient was a 9/10 on a pain scale with nausea and vomiting x 2. Her admitting diagnosis were small bowel obstruction and systemic inflammatory response with leukocytosis. History of Present Illness: N.L. has history of constipation and fecal impaction several years ago. Patient also has history of Diabetes Mellitus type 2 for 9 years, Hypertension for 15 years, and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) for 5 years. Patient has also had laparoscopic appendectomy 5 years ago for erupted appendicitis and total hysterectomy 3 years ago due to uterine fibroids. N.L. smoked half a pack of cigarettes for 20 years and recently cut down to 2 cigarettes per day. N.Ll also drinks alcohol occasionally, approximately 2 drinks per month. Family History: PatientÃ¢â¬â¢s youngerShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Policies Regarding Evaluation And Management Of The Ebola Virus Disease1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Coordinated Response: The Effect of Policies Regarding Evaluation and Management of Possible Ebola Patients in the Emergency Department In March 2014, the Ministry of Health in Guinea notified the Africa Regional Office of the World Health Organization of a new outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease [EVD]. As of December 2, 2014, this recent Ebola outbreak has seen 10,708 confirmed infections and 6,055 deaths, with the hardest hit countries being West African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone, andRead MoreEmergency Medical Center And Certified Stroke Center1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe facility has 772 beds and maintains one of the busiest emergency rooms in Philadelphia. EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s emergency department treats over 95,000 patients each year, providing cutting edge care to patients with a wide variety of illnesses and injuries. The emergency department utilizes start-of-the-art systems to assist physicians and enhance patient care such as Ã¢â¬Å"digital radiography, and ED-based CT scanner, the Vocera Phone System, emergency bedside ultrasound, automatic patient tracking, and muchRead MorePain Management935 Wor ds Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthere is an obligation to patients to advocate on there behalf. According to the American Nurses Associations (ANA) position statement on Pain Management and Control of Distressing Symptoms in Dying Patients itÃ¢â¬â¢s the nurses obligation to his or her patient to administer effective doses of prescribed medications for symptom control. ANA also states nurses have a moral obligation to advocate on a patients behalf when the pain management regime prescribed is not effective. The textbook tells us thatRead MoreEmergency Medicine and the Ethical Dilemmas1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEmergency Medicine and the Ethical Dilemmas Luisa Martin HCA 322 Instructor Thomas December 5, 2010 Picture this scenario: You are workingÃ in the emergency room of a public hospital where theÃ Ã inflow of patients is higher than the available beds. You are treating an elderly man who is breathless and cyanosed. While you assess whether he has chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or heart failure, he becomes drowsy and starts gasping. You quickly intubate him with some difficulty, prolongingRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Stroke865 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestalking about the importance of recognize signs and symptoms of stroke, call immediately for help and go to an emergency room. Professor Reza brings up the definition of stroke and the signs of stroke: impairment of brain functions, decreasing sensations and movement. Depending on the affected area, the symptoms will be different. If stroke affects the motor area, then the motion function is sudden lost. If sensation area is affected, then, the symptoms will be loss of sensitivity. If the area is thatRead MoreAppendicitis1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Many in medicine have found that they love the blood and gore of surgery and dream of someday running an emergency situation in which involves an immediate surgery. Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical abdominal emergency. Delayed treatment increases the incidence of complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the presentation, incidence, and predictors of complications, and histological findings in adult patients with clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis. This paper willRead MoreSolving For The Correct Diagnosis878 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLlanas Sr. At that point I got scared and called an ambulance. His son died en-route to the hospital. According to results from an autopsy, Llanas Jr. died of a lacerated left kidney and internal hemorrhage. The suit names Children s Emergency Room physician Dr. Abbie Leigh Smith, Children s Medical Center and UT Southwestern. All have denied gross negligence, said attorney Les Weisbrod, who is representing the family. In Texas, damages to be paid in a malpractice case are capped at $250Read MoreThe Emergency Room Services ( Ed )1680 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGoing to the emergency room is not something most people want to do. However, on occasion it is necessary to utilize the emergency room services (ED). What necessitates that trip is debatable; social norms, prevailing trends, environmental demographics, culture, individual factors, the perception of illness and access to healthcare have all been discussed. It is not this authors intention to determine the root cause, but merely raise awareness that issues exist. Increased Patient Wait Times ResultRead MoreA Brief Note On Collaboration And Teamwork Among Health Care1121 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshealth care system, decrease costs and improve patient satisfaction, while improving general health care worker satisfaction. In this paper I will discuss various health care interdisciplinary relationships, including radiology, working in the emergency room, and working with the pharmaceutical company that market department needs to foster effective collaboration with the development department. Also, I discuss ways to avoid and resolve conflict, how to work as a team and collaborate with other departmentsRead MoreCollaboration And Teamwork Among Health Care1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessustaining human medicine and patient care overlap diverse fields. The reality of protecting, improving and providing care to patients in any the health care facility and or emergency room includes an effective relationship with an innovative radiology division (Columbia Un iversity Medical Center. (CUMC), (2015). Routinely, the emergency room works in direct partnership with the radiology, putting patient first in providing care. A patient admitted to the health care facility is typically under the care of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Running head: WATERGATE 1 WATERGATE DEVRY UNIVERSITY ONLINE. OCTOBER 20, 2014 WATERGATE 2 INTRODUCTION Watergate is a word that will forever be connected to the 37th President, Richard Nixon. What started out as a botched robbery at the Democratic Reelection headquarters would later become know for bringing down the Presidency. The American public would be able to see and hear firsthand what actually occurred in the Whitehouse behind closed doors, because of the national media that it created and the broadcasting of the Watergate Senate Hearings. This would bring to light the illegal activity that occurred during this time affecting many and changing politics as they were known. This paperÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Before the sentencing of McCord and Liddy, James McCord wrote a letter to Judge Sirica on March 23, 1973 in response to questions that the judge asked through a probation officer. McCordÃ¢â¬â¢s letter stated that the other defendants along with him received political pressure to plead guilty and remain silent, that perjury had occurred in the courtroom, and t hat the Watergate operation was not a CIA operation (Watergate Info, 2012). This letter would help to aide in the Senate investigation. As the investigation continued over the next month the cover up began to WATERGATE 5 unravel, Patrick Gray acting FBI Director would resign after admitting that he destroyed Watergate evidence under the direction of President Nixon himself (The History Place, 2014). On April 30, 1973 President Nixon appeared on national television to announce the resignations of his advisors Haldeman, Ehrilchman, and Attorney General Kleindienst. He also announced the dismissal of John Dean White House Counsel. This speech would become known as his first Watergate Speech in which he continued to deny having any part or knowing of the scandal and stated that if there was knowing involvement from any one associated with the White House they would be dealt with accordingly (Watergate Info, 2012). On May 17, 1973 the first SenateShow MoreRelatedWatergate Of The Watergate Scandal1135 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWatergate Scandal The Watergate Scandal happened almost 43 years ago; the event will never be forgotten. The Watergate scandal defined, perhaps for the first time, that a president of the United States could be portrayed as untrustworthy. Richard Nixon ran for a second term in 1972, in which he won by a huge margin. The Democratic Party had their headquarters at the high-end Watergate hotel. The break-in happened on June 17th, 1972, in which a security guard noticed the tape on the door lockRead MoreWatergate670 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesVery few AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s over the age of 20 do not know about Watergate. They have seen the plots in movies, history books, TV shows, and Made for TV movies. Some of the media plots are real and some not so much. Contrary to popular belief Ã¢â¬Å"Forest GumpÃ¢â¬ was not the person to crack open Watergate [ (Groom, 1994) ]. That honor goes to a simple security guard at the Watergate Complex, Frank Wills [ (AHC, 2012) ]. Mr. Willis was making his rounds when he became aware of tape covering the locks on theRead MoreWatergate643 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWatergate StudentÃ¢â¬â¢s Name Professor Course Institution Date The Watergate Scandal was considered one of the most of disturbing political scandals in the history of America. This Scandal brought down a President and his administration, also made the American public distrust the government which still goes on today. In 1972 there were two break-ins at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee, located in the Watergate office and apartment complex located in WashingtonRead MoreWatergate740 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWatergate Lucia San Nicolas HIS/145 October 19, 2011 Marciano Flores Watergate The Watergate scandal shocked millions of Americans when it was revealed in 1972. The president at that time was Richard M. Nixon, who himself was involved within the scandal. The Watergate scandal took place in 1972 when a group of five men broke into the offices of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office complex in Washington. The five men involved in this burglary were eventuallyRead MoreWatergate637 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWatergate Scandal Ever since the beginning of time, scandals have occurred. But one of the biggest and infamous scandals is the Watergate. Approximately forty years ago from date, a Watergate protector found a small portion of tape attached on the lock of on the National Democratic Headquarters door. Then it all began. The WatergateÃ¢â¬â¢s attempted break in was a part of a bigger operation by President Nixon. The rumor was NixonÃ¢â¬â¢s supporters and people involved in the scandal wanted to tarnish theRead MoreWatergate722 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesstory of Watergate is both historically and politically interesting. It began to occur from the Pentagon Papers, in which Daniel Ellsberg handed over to the press. The Pentagon Papers contained secret documents outlining the history of U.S. involvement in Vietnam (p.848).These secret documents would bring to light the deception of the the morning of June 17, 1972, at 2:30 a.m. 5 burglars were arrested inside the office of the Democratic National Committee, located inside of the Watergate buildingRead MoreThe Watergate Scandal1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestrustworthy Ã¢â¬â or so they thought. Unfortunately, shortly after Nixon was elected to his second term of presidency in 1972, the Watergate Scandal changed America forever by creating a sense of mistru st toward the government for the American people because of The Nixon AdministrationÃ¢â¬â¢s actions. It all began on Sunday, June 18, 1972 when Frank Wills, security guard at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., found a piece of tape that was preventing a door from locking. After removing the pieceRead MoreWatergate Complex After The Watergate1781 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesin the Watergate complex after signs of breaking in were found on the doors. No one at that time knew this subtle crime would lead to the greatest scandal in the US history and the resignation of the current President, Richard Nixon. Evidences later showed that the Watergate Incident was only a mere part of the ugly crimes the Nixon Administration had committed to achieve their ultimate goal of reelection, and Nixon had intentionally attempted a cover up to save his reputation. The Watergate incidentRead MoreThe Watergate Scandal2082 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Watergate Scandal Richard Milhous Nixon was the thirty-seventh President of the United States of America from 1969 until 1974. Nixon completed his first term as President in 1973 and was re-elected for the position for the next four years. However, Nixon would have his time in the White House cut short by the series of events that occurred in the twenty-six months that followed the Watergate burglary. On June 17, 1972 five men, one White House employee and four Cubans, broke into the WatergateRead MoreWatergate Scandal2036 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Watergate Scandal Essay written by Unknown The Watergate Scandal was a series of crimes committed by the President and his staff, who were found to spied on and harassed political opponents, accepted illegal campaign contributions, and covered up their own misdeeds. On June 17, 1972, The Washington Post published a small story. In this story the reporters stated that five men had been arrested breaking into the headquarters of the Democratic National Commi ttee. The headquarters was located in
Let me start off by saying that writing essays isnÃ¢â¬â¢t really my cup of tea. I find it really difficult to begin as there are so many different ways to do it. I can start with, Ã¢â¬Å"One dayÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ but then it would be too common. We will write a custom essay sample on The Story of My Life in 400 Words or any similar topic only for you Order Now Finding the right way to start a composition, for me, is the most taxing thing in the world to do. Then, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s also the problem of choosing which items to include and disregard. If the limit of words is four hundred then I must choose the words carefully. Otherwise, I might go over without getting my message across. Do you understand my dilemma? You might find this weird coming from someone who makes students write their stories. If they would only find out then that would make me the laughing-stock of the whole school. I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste your time anymore with this senseless talk and start with what IÃ¢â¬â¢m supposed to write about. Everything started one Monday morning in November of 1975. This was when I made my entry to this world. I believe I made my parents really happy just by being here. Then there was elementary. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s where I learned about social interaction. I discovered that if IÃ¢â¬â¢m nice to people then IÃ¢â¬â¢ll make more friends but if IÃ¢â¬â¢m not, then life will be lonely and miserable. From high school I learned that spending some time in making myself look presentable is important if I want to attract the attention of people from the opposite sex. Oh, yes! ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s also college. In the university, I learned that we really live in a dog eat dog world. Competition is stiff and you must learn to cope otherwise you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t survive. Despite of this, I learned to really fall in love for the first time. I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t really go into too much details as I would have to write another 400-word composition for this topic alone. After college, I tried my hand on a lot of different things. Off the top of my head, I remember working as a project assistant, administrative assistant, senior clerk and customer service representative to name just a few. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until I tried my hand on teaching that I found my calling. Teaching is not for the weak of heart. You must be able to endure several heartaches and some disappointments before you can reap its rewards. But mind you, the rewards are tremendous. Being able to make a difference in the lives of your students is what it really is about. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t think of any other way to live my life. How to cite The Story of My Life in 400 Words, Essays
Sunday, April 26, 2020
During the nineteenth century, Europe witnessed a lot of activities that influenced the manner in which various countries related to each other. Imperialism was one of the major events that occurred in Europe during this time. It was majorly triggered by industrialization and other political reasons.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s Retreat from Moscow specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this process, most of the European powers aimed at extending their hegemony to other territories especially to the small nations that had weak economies and poor military installations. For example, Britain and France were among the strongest countries in Europe in the nineteenth century and they always conquered small territories in order to fulfill their political and economic interests. Imperialism was characterized by wars of conquests which had far reaching effects. Ã¢â¬Å"For a very long time, France domina ted the land power while Britain was leading in the sea powerÃ¢â¬ (Lieven 234). The war events had devastating effects on people. Hence, many individuals got interested in analyzing the nature of war and how it impacted on the society. The manner in which people perceived war also varied. For example, some people glorified it while others detested it. Artists were among the people who tried to analyze the wars. Adolf Northern was a prominent German painter in the nineteenth. Ã¢â¬Å"He was born in MÃ ¼nden, Hannover and was a pupil of DÃ ¼sseldorf Painting AcademyÃ¢â¬ (Royal Academy of Fine Art of San Fernando 12). Most of his paintings focused on battle scenes, especially the events that occurred during Napoleonic Wars. Ã¢â¬Å"Some of his great works included the Prussian Attack and NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s retreat from Moscow which depicts the failure of the 1812 invasion of Russia by NapoleonÃ¢â¬ (Royal Academy of Fine Art of San Fernando 17). Ã¢â¬Å"By 1812 Napoleon had conqu ered the whole of continental Europe Ã¢â¬â from southern Italy to the Baltic and from Portugal to PolandÃ¢â¬ (Connelly 345). The French attack on Russia in1812 is also popularly referred to as the 1812 Patriotic War. This war had a lot of implications on the Napoleonic conflicts.Advertising Looking for essay on eastern europe? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The war affected the European politics and it also seriously weakened the Hegemony of France in Europe. Napoleon who for a very long time had remained a military genius was seriously shaken by the war. Prussia and Austria which had been France allies also switched camps and this led to the Sixth Coalition War. The war started in 1812 when River Neman was crossed by NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s forces. NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s main motive was to avert the possible invasion of Poland by Russia. Ã¢â¬Å"Napoleon named the campaign, a Second Polish War; the Russian government proclaimed a Patriotic WarÃ¢â¬ (Taylor 57). Approximately five hundred thousand French soldiers invaded Western Russia and managed to win some minor engagements. In addition to this, they won a key battle in August at Smolensk. However, their success was short-lived and the Russian soldiers soon managed to contain some of the French soldiers. This prevented them from invading Saint Petersburg that served as the Russian capital. The Russians mainly employed the scotch earth policy as one of the major tactics for attacking their opponents. They also attacked the French soldiers using light Cossack cavalry. However, their army kept on retreating for about three months. Of all the Napoleonic wars, this battle became the most dangerous and it was fought by approximately two hundred and fifty thousand troops. The war culminated to seventy thousand casualties. Ã¢â¬Å"The French captured the battlefield, but failed to destroy the Russian armyÃ¢â¬ (Zamoyski 453). Moreover, the Russians could regain their losses while the French did not mange to regain their stability. Ã¢â¬Å"The Russian retreat was significant for two reasons; firstly, the move was to the south and not to the east; secondly, the Russians immediately began operations that would continue to deplete the French forcesÃ¢â¬ (Lieven 567). Finally, Napoleon reached Moscow in the middle of September after another retreat by the Russian soldiers. However, by this time the city had been deserted by the Russians and even the prisoners had been freed in order to cause more trouble to the French army. Ã¢â¬Å"Alexander 1 refused to capitulate and the peace talks that Napoleon initiated failedÃ¢â¬ (Connelly 124). In October, Napoleon started retreating from Moscow after realizing that he could not win the war. The French soldiers begun to suffer when they were blocked by the Russian troops from reaching Kaluga, where they could probably get food and forage supplies. Ã¢â¬Å"The replenished Russian soldiers barricaded th e road networks and this forced Napoleon to retreat the same way he had come to Moscow, through the heavily ravaged areas a long the Smolensk roadÃ¢â¬ (Zamoyski 78).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s Retreat from Moscow specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Ã¢â¬Å"Inadequate food supply and continuous use of guerrilla tactics by the Russian military caused a great catastrophe to the French soldiersÃ¢â¬ (Connelly 69). The war had many far reaching effects both on the Russian and French soldiers. The invasion of Moscow by the French soldiers seriously impacted on its development activities. As the conflict ensued, many people fled their homes and businesses. This led to the disruption of economic activities that were conducted in Moscow. Consequently, there was a serious economic decline. A lot of property was also destroyed during the battle. This led to a lot of suffering among the Russians whos e properties and homes were destroyed. The French soldiers also damaged the roads and bridges as they retreated from Moscow. The destruction of infrastructure led to serious communication problems. The French soldiers who had been using horses as their major mode of transportation were seriously affected by the massive death of their horses. Most of the horses died of starvation due to lack of grass, while others were killed during the war. Because of starvation, the French soldiers also fed on some of their horses. The massive death of horses had serious implications on the French army because of the following reasons. First, they were forced to abandon most of their canons and wagons in Russia. The abandonment of their equipment led to serious logistical hitches since they could not get food and other important supplies. The stability of their military was also affected by the death of their horses which they used to transport soldiers and other military equipment. There was an in crease in the number of deserters and most of them were either imprisoned or killed by the Russian peasants. As a result of these challenges, the French army collapsed. Ã¢â¬Å"The crossing of river Berezina was the final French catastrophe of the war as two Russian armies inflicted horrendous casualties on the remnants of the Grande ArmÃ ©e as it struggled to escape across pontoon bridgesÃ¢â¬ (Connelly 345). Many people died during the war and this led to a sharp decline in the population of French and Russian troops. It is estimated that Napoleon had lost over half of his military by the time he was retreating back to his country. The winter weather also partly contributed to the high death toll of soldiers during the war. During winter, the cold weather affected the health of most of the soldiers and they contacted diseases because they could not cope with the extreme weather conditions.Advertising Looking for essay on eastern europe? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The winter weather came at a time when the French soldiers were retreating and they were really exhausted after several months of fighting. Therefore, they could not survive in such conditions. During the retreat, the soldiers experienced serious starvation because they could not access food and clean water. The outcome of this war had serious implications on NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s government which had remained dominant in Europe for along time. Ã¢â¬Å"This war was the reason the other coalition allies triumphed once and for all over NapoleonÃ¢â¬ (Royal Academy of Fine Art of San Fernando 128). His army was seriously destroyed and this lowered his self esteem. Even his soldiers who were still remaining in Russia were also psychologically affected by the defeat and they could no longer cope with the battle in Russia. This war also brought to an end to the Napoleonic wars and he went for exile in Elba Island. The Patriotic Movement also gave the Russians a strong desire to fight for dem ocracy in their country. Consequently, there were many revolutions which ensued after the war. For example, there was the Decembrist revolt and it was later followed by the February Revolution that occurred in 1917. The defeat of Napoleon did not end his desire to remain dominant in Europe. After one year, he managed to rebuild another big army which had approximately five hundred thousand troops. His new army was also barked by allied troops. He used his army to challenge Germany in another fierce battle. During the battle of Dresden, he was out numbered but he still managed to claim victory over Germany. Napoleon managed to maintain his stability until he was finally defeated at the battle of Nations when he could not get enough soldiers to defend France against coalition forces. Ã¢â¬Å"Napoleon did still manage to inflict heavy losses and a series of minor military victories on the far larger Allied armies as they drove towards Paris, though they captured the city and forced him to abdicate in 1814Ã¢â¬ (Lieven 421). The Russian campaign exposed NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership weaknesses that led to the fall of his victory. It was noted that he made so many mistakes during the war and these mistakes largely contributed to his massive losses. For example, he refused to withdraw his military from France at the time he was attacking Russia. This meant that he had to fight at two fronts and this was not easy for him to manage because he wanted success on both sides. The series of battles that France engaged in finally weakened its stability and hegemony in Europe. Ã¢â¬Å"Even though Napoleon was finally defeated, his invasion of Russia is listed among the most lethal military operations in world historyÃ¢â¬ (Connelly 169). The works of Adolf Northern are still widely recognized in academic circles and they have always been used to analyze the war events of eighteenth and nineteenth century. Works Cited Connelly, Owen. Blundering to Glory: NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s Mi litary Campaigns. New York: Rowman Littlefield , 2006. Lieven, Dominic. Russia Against Napoleon: The True Story of the Campaigns of War and Peace. New york: Wiley, 2010. Royal Academy of Fine Art of San Fernando. The Disasters of War. New York: Dover Publishing, 1967. Taylor, Don. The Women of Troy. New York: Methuen Drama, 2007. Zamoyski, Adam. Moscow 1812: NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s Fatal March. London: Harper Perennial, 2005. 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